In our society, doing science involves a few more steps that are often skipped by those pushing pseudoscience. Most important of these is peer review. Without peer review, the quality of research is untested. A "road map" for performing modern University research is:
Such knowledge must include a study of previous observations in your particular subject of interest, and perhaps the skills to collect new observations.
Before you get funding, your peers evaluate your idea.
Again, here you must undergo peer review.